Showa University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

​Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

1-5-8 Hatanodai Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan 


​Program Director

Tomoaki Toyone, M.D., PhD.

​Most frequent pathologies

Degeneration, Deformity, Trauma, Tumor


​300 cases per year
225 instrumented cases per year

​Total estimated number of procedures:

Cervical deformity    
Cervical trauma     
Rheumatoid cervical spine  
Degenerative cervical spine   
Degenerative lumbar spine   
Thoracic & lumbar trauma  
Thoracic, lumbar and sacral tumor  
Thoracolumbar deformity   

1 per month
2 per month 
1 per month
4 per month
12 per month
1 per month
1 per month
3 per month

​Other techniques performed:

Endoscopic discectomy   

​1 per month

​Can a fellow assist scrubbed-in?


​Types of Fellowship

​Obeserverships, Short-term fellowships, Long-term fellowships

​Language(s) available as a means of communication



Available in staff quarters