AO Surgery Reference—spine module

AO Surgery Reference is the most comprehensive and practical online resource for the management of spinal deformities and trauma. It describes the complete surgical management process, including clinical diagnosis, decision making, surgical approach, treatment and aftercare.
This online surgical reference tool is based on current clinical principles, practices and available evidence.  In addition, it assembles other relevant AOSpine educational, reference material.
AO Surgery Reference is available on desktops and mobile devices for both Android and iOS, and is free of charge.

Get the cumulative knowledge of expert spine surgeons by accessing AO Surgery Reference website or by downloading the app for Android or iOS.

Find out what Jeffrey Wang, Luiz Vialle, and Kenneth Cheung say about AO Surgery Reference—the Spine module.